The first-ever global dataset of mining-induced displacement and resettlement has just been published by University of Queensland (UQ) researchers.
The new mining resettlement dataset took four years to develop and contains 270 resettlement events. It aims to increase awareness on mining-induced displacement and (hopefully) will be used by the industry and different stakeholder groups to improve practice and outcomes for those in the path.
Professor John Owen from the UQ Centre for Social Responsibility in Mining detailed that mining displacement events had been underreported in the past and collating the information for the dataset was challenging.
“The mining sector has a long history of relocating people but not much has been documented or made available to the public,” the Professor shared.
“For over a decade there have been explicit requirements for companies to disclose resettlement plans but even today finding this information is tough going.”
“To develop a global, public-facing dataset without a stock of public information has been difficult. We are keen to see companies increase their efforts and make more of this information available.”
Professor Owen said the emerging global standard is for companies to collaborate with the displaced to re-create a viable community, however, the continuing absence of public records was still astonishing.
“Without this kind of information, we really aren’t in a position to know which mining projects displaced people, in which countries, how many people were affected, or whether or not the resettlement successfully met or exceeded the standard,” he said.
The dataset forms a part of the work carried out by the Mining and Resettlement Consortium – a university-industry partnership led by the Centre for Social Responsibility in Mining.
“The consortium’s collaboration signals that mining companies recognise the need to understand how mining and resettlement risks are being managed and the need to develop social safeguards around those risks,” Professor Owen said.
The release of the information was welcomed by industry partners and by the International Network on Displacement and Resettlement (INDR), which works in all aspects of development induced displacement.
Work on the dataset is set to continue.
“As it grows and more people use it, we will develop a better foundation for benchmarking,” Professor Owen commented.
“Resettlement and displacement is a difficult problem for the mining industry, and the Consortium is working to develop strategies for responding effectively.”
INDR President, Professor Theodore Downing, recognised the dataset was a valuable resource.
“The UQ research team is at the cutting edge of a critical issue in mining,” he said.
“This is a fantastic service to our profession.”